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How is HIV Transmitted?



Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was established to be the cause of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in 1983. Ever since then, a lot of research has been conducted and a great deal of information has been generated regarding the ways HIV can be transmitted from one person to another.

The problem with much of the information about HIV transmission, especially on the World Wide Web, is that it speaks in very general terms. All too often, there is a lot of conflicting information as well. For example, some sources refer to oral sex as “risky,” whereas others say “low risk” or “no risk.” This can be very frustrating and it also leads to the spread of misinformation about the transmission of HIV.

HIV infection – and HIV testing – is a medical issue. We have developed this lesson to provide straightforward and accurate information regarding HIV transmission. However, it is important to stress that this lesson – and other sources of HIV information on the World Wide Web – should not be consulted as an alternative to medical care and testing. If you fear that you have been exposed to HIV – regardless of how low the perceived risk and no matter how much information you find on the World Wide Web – you need to get in touch with your healthcare provider or an HIV testing center.


AEGIS (largest HIV/AIDS website)
African American AIDS Policy & Training Institute
AIDS Health Project
AIDS Research Institute

AIDS Vancouver – Working to Alleviate Individual & Collective Vulnerability to HIV AIDS

AIDS Walk Washington 2006
Asian & Pacific Islander Wellness Center

AVERT – A UK HIV and AIDS Charity
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies

DC Young Poz Socials

GMHC: Gay Men’s Health Crisis
HIV InSite
National Minority AIDS Council
National Native American AIDS Prevention Center
Positive Health Program of UCSF
Positive Resource Center

POZ – POZ Magazine –
Project Inform
San Francisco AIDS Foundation

The Momentum Project


Health professionals exhibited a significant pro-thin, anti-fat implicit bias . . .

Online support groups

Online support and chat for diabetes, HIV, substance abuse, etc.

Clean & Sober Bears

A Support Group for Gay, Bi and Trans Men who identify as Bears, Chubs, cubs or similar like individuals, who also are Clean and Sober, or who support others in their recovery.


Association of Gay and Lesbian Psychiatrists

The Association of Gay and Lesbian Psychiatrists (AGLP) is a professional organization of psychiatrists, psychiatry residents, and medical students which serves as a voice for the concerns of lesbians and gay men within the psychiatric community.

Freedom Rings: The LGBT Addiction Recovery Project: Freedom Rings is an award-winning LGBT program located in Jacksonville, Florida. We offer expert drug and alcohol treatment for the LGBT community. Our medical and clinical staff has been trained to treat the specific issues of addiction in the LGBT community. Freedom Rings is a program of Lakeview Health Systems, which has more than a decade of experience providing treatment for substance abuse. We specialize in helping LGBT addicts resolve underlying issues that contribute to addiction, decreasing the need to self-medicate. We are located in sunny Jacksonville, Florida, and offer many natural areas as a beautiful backdrop to your recovery. Contact us to find out how to enter our program today.

Gay and Lesbian Medical Association

The Gay and Lesbian Medical Association (GLMA) is a tax-exempt 501(c)3 non-profit organization working to end homophobia in healthcare. They offer referrals to GLBT doctors and heath care providers. Call (415) 255-4547 or visit their website.

National Council Against Health Fraud
Identifies what to look for in diet scams

Quackwatch, Inc.
“Your Guide to Health Fraud, Quackery, and Intelligent Decisions” A member of Consumer Federation of America, is a nonprofit corporation whose purpose is to combat health-related frauds, myths, fads, and fallacies.

Trans Health Conference



Professional Organizations

Gay & Lesbian Medical Association

Bay Area Physicians for Human Rights
Southern California Lambda Medical Association
Association of Gay & Lesbian Psychiatrists
International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care
Gaylesta: GLBT Psychotherapists Association of the Bay Area
LGB Health Science Librarians
National Organization of Gay & Lesbian Scientists & Technical Professionals
American Psychological Association Division 44: The Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Issues
Association for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Issues in Counseling
National Association of Lesbian & Gay Addiction Professionals
American Public Health Association LGBT Caucus
Iranian Gay & Lesbian Healthcare Providers


National Gay and Lesbian Task Force: Aging

UCLA School of Law: Demographic Reports on the Gay Population

LGBT Aging Project
Senior Action in a Gay Environment

LGBT Health Info

Healthy LGB Students Project (American Psychological Association)
GLBT Health Access Project (Massachusetts)

Health Care Providers

Callen-Lorde Community Health Center (NYC)
Chase Brexton Clinic (Baltimore)
Fenway Community Health (Boston)
Howard Brown Health Center (Chicago)
Whitman-Walker Clinic (D.C.)

Gay Men’s Resources

Gay Men’s Health Summit listserv
Safeguards Gay Men’s Health Project (Philadelphia)
Gay City (Seattle)


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